Players of the game of Go often use jargon to describe situations on the board and surrounding the game. As with the capture of a single stone, the points formerly occupied by the black string have become white territory, and vice versa. However, note that rule sets with an area scoring rule generally have higher komi (currently, 7.5 rather than 6.5), to compensate for dame polarity. Such technical terms are likely to be encountered in books and articles about Go in English as well as other languages.
Black can capture White on the next move, and White is said to be in atari. Many of these terms have been borrowed from Japanese, mostly when no short equivalent English term could be found.This page gives an overview of the most important terms. How to Play Go.
You need to capture a territory with a land unit. The rules are simple and you can learn them in minutes. A player may not self-capture, that is play a stone into a position where it would have no liberties or form part of a string which would thereby have no liberties, unless, as a result, one or more of the stones surrounding it is captured. How to play Go - Introduction to the basic rules of Go. Usually, the territory is not worth it. In modern Go, the first rule is associated with area rules, and the second rule with territory rules. Additionally, there are a lot of games I've played where I've managed to capture a large open space, and thought it was secure, only to have my opponent build a structure in it, severely reducing my territory. Meaning that if you want the territory, you need to sacrifice more expensive sea and/or air units to preserve the last land unit. Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent. The game was invented in China more than 2,500 years ago and is believed to be one of the oldest board games continuously played to the present day. Dame polarity can also affect endgame ko. Diagram 1: Black nearly has the White stone surrounded, only one adjacent intersection, or liberty is still vacant.
Go is a game where two players contest for territory; it is perhaps the oldest board game in the world. You have your choice of which units to sacrifice.