Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. Parathyroid hormone is a protein made by the parathyroid gland under the control of serum calcium activity. Parathyroid glands are located behind the thyroid in the back of the neck … This causes high calcium levels in the blood, which can cause a variety of health problems. They are plastered against the back of the thyroid and therefore at risk for being accidentally removed during thyroidectomy. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW Health Solutions From Our Sponsors The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company.

n. Any of usually four small kidney-shaped glands that lie in pairs near or within the posterior surface of the thyroid gland and secrete parathyroid hormone. Summary: Parathyroid hormone is a type of hormone secreted by the parathyroid glands.

It is shaped like a butterfly, with the right lobe and left lobe connected by a thin piece of tissue called the isthmus. They secrete PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body. Medical Definition of parathyroid gland : any of usually four small endocrine glands that are adjacent to or embedded in the thyroid gland, are composed of irregularly arranged secretory epithelial cells lying in a stroma rich in capillaries, and produce parathyroid hormone More from Merriam-Webster on parathyroid gland parathyroid gland. Parathyroid Glands (n.) 1. The thyroid gland lies at the base of the throat near the trachea. Parathyroid gland is present adjacent to thyroid gland. The parathyroid glands do this by secreting parathyroid hormone.

The major function of the parathyroid glands is to maintain the body's calcium and phosphate levels within a very narrow range, so that the nervous and muscular systems can function properly. Surgery is the most common treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism. The parathyroid glands do this by secreting parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid gland - definition The major function of the parathyroid glands is to maintain the body's calcium and phosphate levels within a very narrow range, so that the nervous and muscular systems can function properly. The thyroid and parathyroid glands make hormones. Two pairs of small oval-shaped glands located in the front and the base of the NECK and adjacent to the two lobes of THYROID GLAND. Parathyroid gland definition: any one of the small egg-shaped endocrine glands situated near or embedded within the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples

Parathyroid gland: A gland that regulates calcium, located behind the thyroid gland in the neck. Parathyroid gland surgery or parathyroidectomy procedure have various complications.. The parathyroid glands are four pea-sized organs found in the neck near the thyroid. Parathyroid auto transplantation is part of the treatment when a patient has hyperparathyroidism and three or four parathyroid glands were already removed, but during the surgery one of the glands (in the case of the removal of three) is relocated at another part of the body to make, the procedure less risky another procedure.